Publicat: 12 Decembrie, 2016 - 13:34
1 in every 4 persons aged 15 or over in the European Union is a smoker

1 in every 4 persons aged 15 or over in the European Union is a smoker… .. and 1 in 5 confronted by passive smoking While slightly over three-quarters (76.0%) of those aged 15 or over living in the European Union (EU) were nonsmokers in 2014, 19.2% smoked any kind of tobacco products on a daily basis and a further 4.7% on an occasional basis. In other words, nearly 1 in every 4 persons (24.0%) aged 15 or over in the EU was a current smoker in 2014. The share of current smokers differs between genders, with a higher proportion of men (28.7%) smoking than women (19.5%) in the EU in 2014. In addition, slightly more than a fifth (21.6%) of the EU population aged 15 or over was exposed, on a daily basis, to tobacco smoke indoors. Tobacco consumption is one of the largest avoidable health risks in the EU: many forms of cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases are linked to tobacco use. This information, extracted from the European Health Interview Survey, is issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. Smoking habits and daily exposure to tobacco smoke indoors in the EU*, 2014 (% of population aged 15 or over) Non-smoker 76.0% Daily smoker 19.2% Occasional smoker 4.7% Never 78.4% Less than 1 hour 10.7% 1 hour or over 10.9% * EU, excluding Ireland for which data are not available. Lowest shares of smokers in Sweden and the United Kingdom, highest in Bulgaria and Greece Among the EU Member States for which data are available, the lowest shares of current smokers in 2014 among the population aged 15 or over were recorded in Sweden (16.7%) and the United Kingdom (17.2%), ahead of Finland (19.3%), Portugal (20.0%), Luxembourg (20.4%), Denmark (20.9%) and Germany (21.7%). At the opposite end of the scale, about 1 in 3 persons aged 15 or over was a smoker in Bulgaria (34.7%) and Greece (32.6%), followed by Austria (30.0%), Slovakia (29.6%) and Latvia (29.5%). Share of current smokers among those aged 15 or over in the EU Member States, 2014 (%) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Ireland: data not available. Smoking more common amongst men In every EU Member State, the proportion of current smokers was higher among men than among women. The most significant gender gaps can be observed in Lithuania (40.3% for men compared with 12.3% for women, or +28.0 percentage points – pp), Romania (+27.3 pp), Cyprus (+24.7 pp), Latvia (+24.5 pp) and Estonia (+18.4 pp). At EU level, the share of current smokers was 9.2 percentage points higher for men (28.7%) than women (19.5%) in 2014. Highest proportion of passive smokers in Greece, lowest in Sweden and Finland Passive smoking, meaning the involuntary inhalation of somebody else’s tobacco smoke, is also a wide-spread source of adverse health effects. In the EU, around 1 in 5 persons (21.6%) aged 15 or over was exposed daily to tobacco smoke indoors in 2014, with large differences between Member States. Nearly two-thirds (64.2%) of the population in Greece were exposed daily to tobacco smoke indoors. High proportions of passive smoking were also registered in Croatia (44.7%), Bulgaria (40.5%) and Romania (37.6%). In contrast, the lowest shares were recorded in Sweden (5.9%) and Finland (6.3%), followed by Portugal (8.6%) and Hungary (9.9%). In these four Member States, passive smoking affected less than 10% of the population. Daily exposure to tobacco smoke indoors in the EU Member States, 2014 (% of population aged 15 or over) 64.2 44.7 40.5 37.6 32.1 30.1 29.5 29.2 28.5 26.5 25.8 25.1 24.7 23.2 21.8 21.6 21.3 21.2 16.9 16.2 15.5 15.1 14.9 13.2 9.9 8.6 6.3 5.9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Greece Croatia Bulgaria Romania Malta Czech Republic Poland Slovakia Austria Latvia Cyprus Netherlands Belgium Italy France EU Lithuania Estonia Germany Slovenia Spain Denmark Luxembourg United Kingdom Hungary Portugal Finland Sweden Ireland: data not available. The source dataset can be found here. Geographical information The European Union (EU) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Methods and definitions Data presented in this News Release comes from the last European Health Interview Survey (EHIS). The EHIS aims at measuring among Member States the health status, health determinants as well as use of health care services of the EU citizens. The first wave of EHIS (EHIS wave 1 or EHIS round 2008) was conducted between 2006 and 2009. The second wave (EHIS wave 2 or EHIS round 2014) was conducted between 2013 and 2015. Data presented in this News Release refer to the population aged 15 or over living in private households residing in the territory of the country. All indicators are expressed as percentages within the population and statistics are broken down by age and sex and one other dimension such as educational attainment level or income quintile group. Data on tobacco consumption presented in this News Release refer to the distribution of the population according to the selfreported smoking habits of any kind of tobacco products (manufactured cigarettes, hand-rolled cigarettes, cigars, pipes, etc.) using the following modalities: Daily smoker, Occasional smoker, Non-smoker and Current smoker (Daily + Occasional smoker). The use of devices like electronic cigarettes is not included.