Publicat: 19 Decembrie, 2015 - 20:33
Romania pe locul 44 iar Statele Unite pe 16

Democracy Ranking masoara anual calitatea democratiei prin comparatii globale referindu-se la  modul conceptual in care este inteleasa democratia, combinand calitatea democratiei cu dezvoltarea sustenabila.

Pentru anul 2015 au fost comparate 113 tari(democratii sau semidemocratii).Top 10 al acestui clasament cuprinde Norvegia, Elvetia, Suedia, Finlanda, Danemarca, Olanda, Germania, Noua Zeelanda,Irlanda si Belgia. Statele Unite sunt pe pozitia 16, iar Romania pe 44.

The United States ranks at position 16, but improved its scoring only by 0.045 points. This is why the U.S. has approached almost a zero-growth in further advancement of its quality of democracy for the moment, with gains in several dimensions, but smaller losses in politics and gender equality.

Democracy Ranking measures annually the quality of democracy in global comparison by referring to a broader conceptual understanding of democracy, which combines quality of democracy with sustainable development.

The Democracy Ranking 2015 compares 113 countries (democracies and semi-democracies) over a period of the years 2010-2011 and 2013-2014 (using more than 40 indicators and scales ranging from 1-100). Quality of democracy has progressed worldwide, on average 0.9 score points per country. In 91 countries an increase of quality of democracy was measured, but in 22 countries also a decrease was observed. Compared with previous democracy rankings, the overall global increase of democracy has slowed down, implying that the general conditions for democracy are now under a greater challenge. For democracies it becomes increasingly difficult to achieve a simultaneous and progressive win-win situation in political, social, economic and ecological development (at the same time).

The top 10 countries in 2013-2014 are: Norway, Switzerland, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, New Zealand, Ireland, and Belgium. The Nordic countries and Switzerland rank top in world comparison.

Progress of quality of democracy consolidated by tendency in the member countries of the European Union, however declined in several EU countries: Croatia (-0.2 score points), Hungary (-0.5), Cyprus (-1.4), Spain (-1.4), and Greece (-2.7). In Hungary, the conditions of political rights, civil liberties and freedom of press have worsened.

South America realized levels of quality of democracy comparable to Eastern-Central and Southern Europe. Hong Kong (SAR, China) ranks higher on quality of democracy in Asia, but is coming under pressure by mainland China.

The highest relative democracy progress (Democracy Improvement Ranking 2015) was achieved in: Tunisia (+11.0 score points), Cote d'Ivoire (+8.3), Senegal (+4.6), Nepal (+4.1), Georgia (+3.9), Niger (+3.8), Madagascar (+3.8), France (+3.4), Zambia (+3.0), Colombia (+2.8), and Malawi (+2.7). Of the "Arab Spring" countries, prospects for democracy are clearly the best in Tunisia. Tunisia stabilized its path toward more democracy. Tunisia represents a role model for further democratization in the Arab world. A dynamic momentum of relative progress of quality of democracy has been achieved particularly by some countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, where improvements are manifest in development of democracy and society, but also in development of the economy.

In Russia and China, the political systems have become less liberal, but there further economic progress was realized. Does this create an "authoritarian challenge" for democracy?

The following countries qualify as a positive role model in advances in democracy in their regional contexts: Tunisia, Serbia, Mongolia, and Hong Kong.

Development aid also should take developments in further democratization into account.

 
Country
Score
2010-2011
Rank
2010-2011
Score
2013-2014
Rank
2013-2014
Rank
Change
2010-2014
 
1 Albania 57.2 57 59.7 54 +3  
2 Argentina 68.5 35 69.3 34 +1  
3 Armenia 47.2 90 49.0 91 -1  
4 Australia 79.1 13 79.7 13 0  
5 Austria 79.7 10 80.1 11 -1  
6 Bahrain 43.6 101 41.8 103 -2  
7 Bangladesh 51.0 80 50.7 81 -1  
8 Belgium 80.1 9 81.5 10 -1  
9 Benin 51.2 77 52.1 76 +1  
10 Bolivia 54.9 63 56.9 62 +1  
11 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.5 75 51.5 79 -4  
12 Botswana 53.7 72 55.3 67 +5  
13 Brazil 63.0 44 64.6 43 +1  
14 Bulgaria 64.4 42 65.0 42 0  
15 Burkina Faso 42.7 104 43.3 101 +3  
16 Canada 79.1 14 79.1 15 -1  
17 Chile 71.7 25 72.8 25 0  
18 China 40.2 105 40.8 106 -1  
19 Colombia 57.1 58 59.9 52 +6  
20 Costa Rica 70.9 27 71.5 28 -1  
21 Cote d'Ivoire 30.6 112 38.9 110 +2  
22 Croatia 67.8 38 67.6 37 +1  
23 Cyprus 71.4 26 70.0 33 -7  
24 Czech Republic 70.7 28 71.3 29 -1  
25 Denmark 84.2 5 85.2 5 0  
26 Dominican Republic 58.6 53 59.1 57 -4  
27 Ecuador 58.8 51 59.2 55 -4  
28 Egypt Arab Rep. 38.4 108 40.2 108 0  
29 El Salvador 59.3 50 61.6 48 +2  
30 Estonia 71.9 24 74.5 21 +3  
31 Finland 85.7 4 86.0 4 0  
32 France 76.0 18 79.3 14 +4  
33 Georgia 56.0 61 59.8 53 +8  
34 Germany 80.9 8 82.0 7 +1  
35 Ghana 60.5 48 61.3 49 -1  
36 Greece 68.7 34 66.0 41 -7  
37 Guatemala 51.2 78 53.0 75 +3  
38 Guinea 39.2 107 41.2 105 +2  
39 Guyana 57.7 55 57.5 61 -6  
40 Haiti 42.7 103 42.7 102 +1  
41 Honduras 50.9 81 50.6 82 -1  
42 Hong Kong SAR. China 73.8 20 73.8 23 -3  
43 Hungary 68.1 36 67.6 38 -2  
44 India 53.7 70 55.3 68 +2  
45 Indonesia 54.3 67 55.6 65 +2  
46 Ireland 79.5 11 81.7 9 +2  
47 Israel 72.8 23 73.0 24 -1  
48 Italy 70.6 29 71.6 27 +2  
49 Jamaica 60.8 46 61.1 50 -4  
50 Japan 73.6 21 75.3 20 +1  
51 Kenya 46.2 93 48.1 93 0  
52 Korea. Rep. 70.1 32 70.6 32 0  
53 Kuwait 50.6 82 50.1 85 -3  
54 Kyrgyz Republic 46.7 92 47.3 95 -3  
55 Latvia 69.0 33 71.2 31 +2  
56 Lebanon 49.8 85 48.3 92 -7  
57 Lesotho 49.9 84 51.2 80 +4  
58 Liberia 50.0 83 49.8 88 -5  
59 Lithuania 70.2 31 71.8 26 +5  
60 Macedonia. FYR 54.8 64 54.4 74 -10  
61 Madagascar 45.7 95 49.6 90 +5  
62 Malawi 47.1 91 49.7 89 +2  
63 Malaysia 51.5 74 51.7 78 -4  
64 Mali 48.8 88 41.7 104 -16  
65 Mauritius 66.6 40 67.1 39 +1  
66 Mexico 56.7 60 57.9 60 0  
67 Moldova 56.8 59 58.5 59 0  
68 Mongolia 60.8 47 62.2 46 +1  
69 Morocco 44.2 100 45.3 99 +1  
70 Mozambique 44.3 99 45.2 100 -1  
71 Namibia 57.3 56 59.1 56 0  
72 Nepal 45.9 94 50.0 86 +8  
73 Netherlands 82.6 6 83.6 6 0  
74 New Zealand 81.7 7 81.8 8 -1  
75 Nicaragua 53.9 68 56.1 63 +5  
76 Niger 42.8 102 46.7 96 +6  
77 Nigeria 40.0 106 40.6 107 -1  
78 Norway 87.7 1 88.1 1 0  
79 Pakistan 37.8 109 38.2 111 -2  
80 Panama 65.4 41 66.2 40 +1  
81 Papua New Guinea 51.4 76 51.8 77 -1  
82 Paraguay 54.6 66 54.9 70 -4  
83 Peru 61.7 45 62.7 45 0  
84 Philippines 58.5 54 60.2 51 +3  
85 Poland 70.3 30 71.3 30 0  
86 Portugal 76.1 17 76.1 17 0  
87 Romania 63.7 43 64.5 44 -1  
88 Russian Federation 45.7 96 45.5 98 -2  
89 Senegal 51.1 79 55.7 64 +15  
90 Serbia 60.4 49 62.1 47 +2  
91 Sierra Leone 48.8 87 50.2 84 +3  
92 Singapore 66.6 39 68.2 36 +3  
93 Slovak Republic 67.9 37 68.3 35 +2  
94 Slovenia 74.2 19 76.1 18 +1  
95 South Africa 53.9 69 54.7 71 -2  
96 Spain 77.3 16 75.9 19 -3  
97 Sri Lanka 51.6 73 49.8 87 -14  
98 Sweden 85.9 3 86.6 3 0  
99 Switzerland 86.1 2 87.0 2 0  
100 Syrian Arab Republic 36.4 111 29.8 112 -1  
101 Tanzania 49.7 86 50.5 83 +3  
102 Timor-Leste 53.7 71 54.5 73 -2  
103 Togo 37.4 110 39.8 109 +1  
104 Trinidad and Tobago 58.7 52 58.8 58 -6  
105 Tunisia 44.4 98 55.4 66 +32  
106 Turkey 55.3 62 55.1 69 -7  
107 Ukraine 54.8 65 54.5 72 -7  
108 United Kingdom 79.2 12 80.0 12 0  
109 United States 77.5 15 77.6 16 -1  
110 Uruguay 73.1 22 74.0 22 0  
111 Venezuela. RB 48.7 89 45.7 97 -8  
112 Yemen Rep. 26.2 113 28.3 113 0  
113 Zambia 45.1 97 48.1 94 +3